孔庙 (Temple of Confucius)坐落于山东省曲阜市南门内，是纪念我国伟大思想家、教育家孔子的祠庙建筑(temple building)，也是一组具有东方风格的大型建筑群。由于孔子创立的儒家思想(Confucianism)对于维护社会统治安定所起到的重要作用，孔庙便被古代帝王所器重。在古代经常举办祭孔典礼，或者是由皇帝自己，或者是由皇帝委任的高级官员。祭孔的规模和祭天一样宏大。由此，孔子在历史上的重要地位便可见一斑。
Located inside the south gate of Qufu, Shandong, the Temple of Confucius is a large complex of temple buildings in oriental style in memory of Confucius, China's great thinker and educator. The importance of Confucianism created by Confucius in maintaining the social ruling stability made ancient emperors put a high value on the Temple of Confucius. In ancient times sacrifices were often offered to Confucius, either by Emperors themselves, or by emperor-appointed high officials. The scale of offering sacrifices to Confucius was as grand as that given to the Heaven. This gives usan idea of the importance of Confucius in history.
杭州最著名的景点是西湖 (the West Lake)西湖是人造湖泊，是根据中国人喜爱的休闲式的花园风格公园而建造的。十个世纪以来，西湖一直被中国的文人墨客(men ofletters)视为精神家园。宋代诗人苏轼把西湖比作中国古代最美丽的女人西子。中国古代人民将西湖周围的区域誉为神奇美丽的土地。在现代，西湖被视为杭州的骄傲，被人们当作躲开城市喧器(the hustle and bustle)的好地方。
The most famous attraction in Hangzhou is the West Lake. West Lake is man-made and created after Chinese people's love for recreational garden style parks. For ten centuries, it has always been regarded as the spiritual home by Chinese men of letters. Su Shi,a poet in the Song Dynasty, compared West Lake to Xi Zi, the most beautiful woman in ancient China. Ancient Chinese people praised the area around West Lake as a miraculous and beautiful land. In modern times, West Lake is taken as the pride of Hangzhou, and a perfect spot to escape the hustle and bustle of the city.
苏州是中国著名的“园林城市 (city ofgardens)"在园林数量和艺术性上都远胜于其他城市。苏州的因林艺术有1500年的历史。14世纪到20世纪之间的明清时期是其园林建筑的黄金时期。这座城市里曾经有超过200家私人园林。它们中的一些今天仍然保存良好。这些园林的独特魅力使它们在1997年被列入世界文化遗产名录(the list of World Cultural Heritage)
Suzhou is China's well-known city of gardens, which tops all other cities in both the number and the artistry of gardens. Suzhou's art of gardening has undergone a history of 1,500 years. The Ming and Qing Dynasties between the 14th and 20th century were its prime periods of garden building. A tone time there were more than 200 private gardens in the city. A lot of them are still preserved in good condition today. The unique charm of these gardens has led to their entry into the list of World Cultural Heritage in 1997.
颐和园(theSummer Palace)被认为是中国古典园林的例证(paradigm)它荟萃南北园林之精华，将人造景观与大自然和谐地融为一体。颐和园是中国目前保存最完整、规模最宏大的古代园林，是中国园林艺术的巅峰之作。这座利用昆明湖、万寿山(Longevity Hill)为基址，以杭州西湖风景为蓝本汲取江南园林的设计手法和意境而成的大型天然山水园，被誉为皇家园林博物馆。颐和园于1924年才正式对公众开放，深受国内外游客的喜爱
The Summer Palace is considered to be the paradigm of the classical Chinese garden. lt is a galaxy of the essence of classical Chinese gardens in the north and the south and integrates artificial landscapes with nature in perfect harmony. The Summer Palace is China's best-preserved and largest ancient garden up to date and is considered to represent the peak of Chinese garden art.This large natural landscape garden, known as the Royal Garden Museum, was based on Kunming Lake and Longevity Hill, using the blueprint for the West Lake in Hangzhou and absorbing the techniques and artistic conception used in Jiangnan garden design. The Summer Palace was opened to the public in 1924 and is now deeply loved by visitors both home and abroad.
The Great Wall
The Great Wall is one of the man-made wonders of the world. It was built 2,000 years ago. Thousands of people spent many years in building it.
The Great Wall was used to keep the enemy out of the country. Now it is a famous place of historical interest. Many tourists from all over the world go to visitit every year. Some people in Beijing often go to climb the Great Wall to keep healthy
Spring Festival is the most important festival in China. Before the Spring Festival People clean their houses, put red couplets on their gates, and set off firecrackers to drive away the legendary monster “Nian”. On the eve of the Spring Festival, families get together and have a big dinner. Dumplings are the most traditional food. The Spring Festival lasts about 15 days long .People visit relatives and friends with the words“Happy new year”. People enjoy the Spring Festival, during this time they can have a good rest. Children like the festival very much, because they can have delicious food and wear new clothes . They can also get some money from their elders. This money is given to children for good luck.
Spring Festival 春节r
ed couplets 对联
drive away 驱赶
have a big dinner 吃大餐
clean one's houses 扫舍
set off 释放
the eve of the Spring Festival除夕夜
1.中国阴历(the Chinese lunar calendar);
2嫦娥奔月(Chang'e flying to the moon);
3.赏月appreciate the moon).
I'd like to invite you to experience the Middle Autumn Festival with us in China.
The Middle Autumn festival, which is said to honor Chang E, a beautiful goddess living in the moon, falls on the August 15th of the lunar calendar. Rituals like celebrating the family reunion, appreciating the moon and eating mooncakes of different styles are performed throughout the country.
So, why not jump at this opportunity to embrace, explore and enjoy this festival with us? i assure you it will be a fantastic visual and audio feast of a life time for you.
I'm glad to learn from your emai that you long for the knowledge about the Dragon Boat Festival, one of the Chinese conventional festivals.
As we know, the Dragon Boat festival falls on May 5th on the lunar calendar. So vital is the festival to people that almost everyone celebrates it in China.
Firstly,I want to tell you something about the origin of the festival. There are two main characters in the story. One is Qu Yuan and the other is Wu Zixu. Qu Yuan was not merely an extraordinary poet, but aiso a politician with patriotic spirit. The enemy seized the capital city of Chu Dynasty 278 B.CAnd it was a contributor to Qu Yuan's jumping into Miluo River to end his life. Afterwards, people set up the festival in order to shelter Qu Yuan's body from being eaten by fish in the river. Another people who is worth mentioning is Wu Zixu, a renowned general. Secondiy, people are accustomed to eating specific food, such as rice dumplings, salty eggs and realgar wine.
假设你是李华，你的美国笔友 John 对于中国的元宵节感到好奇，请回复 John 一封 email，内容包括:1.元宵节的起源《起源于汉朝，始于皇帝祭祀天上的神仙)2.元宵节的主要习俗《(吃汤圆，赏花灯，猜灯谜等)3.邀请 John来中国亲自体会元宵节。参考词汇:
1.元宵节:The Lantern Festival
2.汤圆:glutinous rice balls
3.花灯展: lantern shows
4.猜灯谜:quess riddles on hanging lanterns
Hope this letter finds you well. With regard to your last letter concerning the Lantern Festival in China,I'd like to specify the following details for you.
The Lantern Festival， falling on Jan 15th of the lunar calendar, traces back to the Han Dynasty.Legend has it that Emperor Hanwu will worship the immortal beings on this particular day, hoping they will bring bliss and happiness to his reign.
Highlights of this festival include sampling delicious glutinous rice balls, appreciating boats with lanterns of all shapes and colors drifting down the big canal or guessing riddles on hanging lanterns, all of which promise an enriching visual and audio feast for every one of its celebrators.
Why not join our family in observing this special festival next vear? I quarantee this will be a once-in-a-lifetime experience for you.
Looking forward to hearing from you.
Tag: 中国节日英语 英语